Yellow Meranti

Yellow Meranti

30/11/2018 0

Leveraging on our vast industry experience, we are indulged in exporting and supplying a comprehensive range of Yellow Meranti Wood. Procured from the most authentic vendors of the market, it is immensely used for flooring purposes and furniture making. In order to meet the varied requirements of our clients, we offer these woods in variety of sizes and thicknesses. Being client-centric organization, we deliver this Yellow Meranti Wood within the allotted time frame to the patrons.

Features

  • Varied porosity
  • High compressive strength
  • Durable in nature

Description

Wood Type:

Hardwood

Durability:

Slightly durable

Treatability:

Extremely difficult

Moisture Movement:

Small

Density (mean, Kg/m³):

660 (Density can vary by 20% or more)

Texture:

Medium

Availability:

Limited availability at specialist timber merchant

Price:

Low

Use(s):

Joinery – Exterior, Joinery – Interior, Marine or freshwater construction, Furniture

Colour(s):

Light brown, Yellow brown (Greenish or olive tinges)

Introduction

  • Shorea faguetiana Heim, S. resina-nigra Foxw., S. balanocarpoidesS. gibbosa Brandis, S. hopeifolia (Heim) Sym., S. maxima Sym., S. multiflora Sym. These species produce the yellow meranti of Malaysia, or meranti damar hitam.
  • Shorea faguetiana Heim., S. hopeifolia Sym., S. multiflora Syrri. These species produce the yellow meranti of Brunei, and Sarawak, where the local name is lun, or lun kuning.
  • Shorea acuminatissima Sym., S. faguetiana Helm., S. gibbosa Brandis. These are the principal species producing yellow seraya of Sabah, where the local names are also seraya kacha, and selangan kacha.

 

Distribution

Malaysia.

 

The tree

The various species of Shorea grow to a height of 45m or so and a diameter of 1.2m or a little more, with long, clean, cylindrical boles above small buttresses.

 

The timber

Sapwood lighter in colour and moderately distinct from the heartwood, which is light-yellow-brown, often with a greenish or olive tinge, weathering to a light brown colour; planed surfaces without lustre, faint stripe figure on radial surfaces. The texture is moderately fine or moderately coarse but even, and the grain is interlocked. It varies in weight from 576 kg/m³ to 736 kg/m³ but averages about 660 kg/m³ when dried.

 

Drying

The various types of meranti/seraya are reported to dry rapidly and well, with little degrade. Some slight distortion and surface checking may occur in the denser types. ‘Malayan Forest Service Trade Leaflet No 8’ gives the following information regarding the air drying times for red meranti dried under cover in Malaysia. From about 60 per cent moisture content to 18 per cent moisture content:-

  • 25mm boards 2 to 3 months
  • 38mm boards 3 to 4 months
  • 50mm boards approximately 5 months.

 

Strength

There is a wide variation in the strength properties of the various merantis and red seraya due to the differences in density and the number of species involved. Large, over-mature logs are frequently spongy in the heart, the wood in these areas being weak and brittle. Despite the fact that the best type of light red meranti is almost equal in strength to the weakest type of dark red meranti, there is nevertheless on average, a distinct difference in mechanical properties. The average figure for strength and stiffness in bending and compression for dark red meranti is about 20 per cent higher than that for light red meranti; in shear there is about 10 per cent difference, and in hardness, over 30 per cent. The Malayan Forest Service prepared the following table, on the basis of mechanical test results, where the mechanical properties of six other timbers are compared with those for light red meranti, the data for which are expressed in each case as 100.

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